Frame-board houses are widespread since their construction is much more economical, if compared to the log or beam new buildings. Their manufacture requires one and a half to two times less wood.
Thermal performance panel houses are not inferior to the traditional buildings, and in some cases even superior to the log walls. Optimal thermal performance since the panelboard structures used does not have numerous grooves, which are many in log houses. Carried out caulking, even the most thorough, does not provide a full airtightness of the corners and walls.
In the case of panelized houses, the walls are lighter than log walls. This is achieved because the space between the strapping boards is filled with thermal insulation materials of low weight.
Outer frame walls for the construction of houses are used quite often. The reason for the popularity of frame panel house construction is due to such main factors:
The comparative ease of construction of frame walls;
Low cost of their construction;
High quality of operation;
The 30-50-year service life of prefabricated panel houses;
They are not subject to shrinkage;
Finishing is possible immediately after construction;
Possibility to build them by oneself without the involvement of specialists, whose services are very expensive.
Features of the projects of panel houses
Based on the design of the walls, the method of panel construction can be erected frame-board and frame-board structures. They differ from each other by some features, the consideration of which will help developers decide on the choice of the most suitable option.
Frame and panel houses
The walls of frame and panel houses are small-sized panels (panels), which are fully finished and finished products. They are made in advance at the manufacturers’ facilities, and then only assembled on construction sites.
The panels may be assembled in the winter or fall in warm conditions under a roof. Sheds, garages, or basements are suitable for this purpose. These constructions are characterized by high accuracy of manufacturing, careful insulation with the help of vapor-insulating materials, accurate lining of the internal and external sides.
All this allows for the rapid and high-quality construction of good houses. It is also important that such structures do not have heavy elements, installation of which should be performed using lifting equipment.
The frame and panel house does not succumb to shrinkage, and therefore facilitates the construction and subsequent operation. They are less affected by insect stingers that like to settle in a solid beam or log.
Distinctive features are also such qualities as rapid warming during heating, much less humidity. In a frame-board house, only the thin inner lining of the walls, which is separated from the outer surfaces by reliable thermal insulation materials, needs to be heated.
Frame-and-fill type houses are characterized by walls that are assembled completely, that is, from beginning to end, on construction sites.
On the uprights, the inner lining is fastened, and the damp-proofing layer, which can be a polyethylene film or parchment, is laid. Then the outer skin is carried out, carried out on windproof layers of building paper or cardboard. The space inside the walls is filled with heat-insulating materials.
In panel walls, insulators are used in the form of rolls or plates of glass and mineral wool, foamed plastic, etc. In the backfill for this purpose can be used peat, sawdust, perlite sand, that is loose insulation.
The disadvantages include reduced fire resistance, susceptibility to rotting or rodent and insect infestation, and limited durability. All of the above suggests that when choosing between the two types of frame houses it is better to choose a frame-cell house. This, as practice shows, is an excellent opportunity to obtain effective and affordable housing, because the prices of prefab houses have an optimal ratio of quality and cost.
Historical aspects of the appearance of modern frame houses
Turnkey framed-cell houses of modern design are houses of high quality that are not only as good as the buildings made of other materials but often are even better in some important parameters.
The developers were motivated by some historical facts to the development of frame and panel construction technologies. Suffice it to recall that the first buildings which a man began to erect with his own hands were namely huts, tepees, dugouts, and plagues made by the frame technology which helped him to survive in all climatic vicissitudes.
Such human experience, which had been acquired over thousands of years, found application and made it possible, through expansion and search, to develop fundamentally new technology, used today everywhere.
Construction advantages of panel houses
The load-bearing functions of floors and walls are performed by wooden studs, beams, and strapping. To protect constructions from negative environmental effects, to solve problems of noise and heat insulation, thermal insulation, sheathing, and wind vapor barrier membranes are used.
In residential and country house panel houses skillfully combined different materials, which then work effectively and smoothly. This, of course, more difficult than building a wall of brick or cellular concrete. However, the effort and time invested in the manufacture of components for the future house of frame-shield then repaid a high degree of reliability of the finished construction.
The undeniable advantages of one-story frame-shield houses, as well as other buildings of this type, include simplicity and flexibility in making changes to the exterior and interior decoration. Plus the openness of the layout and the possibility to equip cozy attics in uninhabited attics, easy and quick cutting of doors and windows.
Shield cabins allow you to attach bathrooms and closets, other ancillary rooms, guest rooms, and garages. With such a wide range of possibilities, they can be easily modified and expanded depending on additional needs.
The expansion of panel houses on Canadian technology is accompanied by changes in the wealth of owners, their requests, and the changing number of families. In the process of construction, initially, a budget variant of finishing could be used, but after a few years, when financial possibilities appear, it can be replaced with a more expensive one. There is a wide range of options, from finishing with artificial stone to lining the house with brick or expensive modern finishing materials.
Operational advantages of frame and panel buildings
If the walls of a frame-board garden or other houses are assembled according to all the established rules, then as a result they have the lowest thermal conductivity. Even assuming that in winter individual buildings may not be heated, reaching comfortable temperature conditions is possible in a few hours.
The technology of construction of frame and panel houses allows the use of walls with a thickness not exceeding 25-30 cm. This is a great opportunity to increase the usable area. These types of houses are reliable, lightweight, and resistant to deformation.
Frame walls can withstand an unlimited number of cycles of freezing and thawing. There are no negative consequences for the construction.
What does the future hold for timber frame houses?
The reality is that at the moment there is no more progressive technology that would have such an ideal ratio of efficiency and cost of buildings, as frame-shielded houses. Answering the question about how much it costs to build a panel house, we can confidently say that in this case, the investments do not exceed the costs of construction using other technologies.
Concerning the following operational advantages, there are many advantages. Most of them have already been mentioned in this article. In the future, our children will certainly live-in housing, which is built on frame-shield technology. Why?
Yes, because their construction is cheaper, faster, and more convenient. The further operation makes it possible to achieve significant savings on energy, which is used for heating. It is much cheaper to repair, renovate or expand a panel house. It is also important that the demolition of old buildings is also without problems.
Who will help to become the owner of a frame and panel house?
Problems do not arise if the client turns to the company Ecopan, which is the recognized leader of the domestic construction market. Here you can order the project of a panel house, the house itself, and its rapid and qualitative construction.
It should be said that the cost of a frame-shaped house – is one of the most important issues that arise for customers who want to buy such houses. Note that the structures of this type will cost an order of magnitude less than brick houses. At 15-20 percent they are cheaper and timber or log structures.
The main thing is to purchase a frame-board house-made following regulatory requirements. Only quality components guarantee efficiency and quality of future operation. There should be no violation and in the very process of construction of houses.